This Week in Mind Science

May 31 to June 6

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On May 31, 1927

… Percy Tannenbaum was born. Tannenbaum's work with Charles Osgood and George Suci resulted in the development of the semantic differential technique for measuring the connotative meaning of words and of the congruity model of attitude consistency and change.

On June 1, 1941

… Richard E. Nisbett was born. Nisbett's studies have described the bases of attributions and inferences about one's own behavior and the behavior of others, with special attention given to misattributions and predictable biases in inference. 

On June 2, 1931

… Psychologist Leonard T. Troland patented a method of color photography that was part of the Technicolor process. Troland held many Technicolor patents: This one is apparently the earliest relating to the properties of the film and is based on research on the nature of color and color vision. Troland's work provides fine examples of applied visual research.

On June 3, 1985

… In Metropolitan Life Insurance Company v. Massachusetts, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state insurance laws requiring mental health coverage are not preempted by the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), which lacks this requirement. The ERISA decision strengthened mental health coverage and freedom-of-choice legislation.

On June 4, 1938

… Sigmund Freud fled Austria, a victim of Nazi persecution. Before leaving, he was forced to sign a document testifying that he had received respectful treatment from the Nazis. Freud signed and added the sarcastic comment, "I can heartily recommend the Gestapo to anyone." Freud traveled to Paris and then to London, where he resided at 20 Maresfield Gardens in Hampstead.

On June 5, 1981

… The first report of a case of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the United States was made by the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta. Psychologists have actively studied behavioral, physiological, and attitudinal factors involved in AIDS transmission and personal and social responses to AIDS.

On June 6, 1900

… Manfred Joshua Sakel was born. Sakel was a psychiatrist who discovered the effects of insulin shock therapy on schizophrenia.

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