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On May 24, 1918
… Stephen B. Withey was born. Withey's work applied social psychological research methods to major social problems such as international relations, effects of television and other mass media, and public attitudes toward big business, science, and advanced technology.
On May 25, 1913
… After the defections of Alfred Adler, Wilhelm Stekel, and Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud formed a secret committee of loyal followers (Karl Abraham, Otto Rank, Ernest Jones, Hanns Sachs, and S ndor Ferenczi). Their first meeting was on this day. Freud gave each member a Greek intaglio to mount in a gold ring as a sign of membership.
On May 26, 1897
… Katharine M. Banham was born. Banham's research focused on the social and emotional development of children and the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy. She was the first woman to earn the PhD at the University of Montreal and the first woman on the psychology faculty at Duke University, where she was a cofounder of the clinical psychology program.
On May 27, 1874
… Shepherd Ivory Franz was born. Franz pioneered studies of cortical localization of learned behaviors. Through extirpation of brain tissue, Franz showed that impaired abilities could be regained and that the amount of impairment was not closely related to the site or amount of lost brain tissue.
On May 28, 1853
… Sheppard's Asylum, an early private mental hospital, was founded by Moses Sheppard and others. Actual construction outside Baltimore, Maryland, was delayed by restricted funds and the Civil War until groundbreaking on May 25, 1862. The first patient, a 46-year-old woman diagnosed with "dementia," was admitted on December 6, 1891. In 1898, the hospital's name was changed to the Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital to recognize a major benefactor.
On May 29, 1904
… Robert H. Felix was born. Felix, a psychiatrist, was instrumental in the passage of the National Mental Health Act (1946) and the subsequent establishment of the National Institute of Mental Health, serving as its first director. He promoted interdisciplinary approaches to mental health issues and supported psychological research in that area.
On May 30, 1859
… Pierre Marie Félix Janet was born. Janet was a French psychopathologist remembered for his dissociation theory of hysteria and hypnosis. His first case study, that of a hypnotic subject named Léonie, was published in 1886. He introduced the words dissociation and subconscious into psychological terminology and attributed hysteria and hypnotic susceptibility to inherited dispositions toward imbalances in psychic energy and psychic tension.
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